What does the word chinkapin mean?
What does the word chinkapin mean?
Definition of chinquapin
1 : the edible nut of a chinquapin. 2 : any of several trees (genera Castanea and Castanopsis) especially : a dwarf chestnut (Castanea pumila) of the U.S.
Are chinquapin nuts edible?
The Allegheny chinkapin, also called common chinkapin, may well be the most ignored and undervalued native North American nut tree. It has been widely hailed as a sweet and edible nut and has been of value to its cousin, the American chestnut's breeding programs.
Where do chinquapin trees grow?
Distribution: Chinkapin is native to the eastern and southern United States. Its native range is from New Jersey and West Virginia, west to Missouri and Oklahoma, and south to Texas and Florida. It has been planted in Wisconsin and Michigan where it has become a forest tree.
How do you eat chinkapin?
The nut can be roasted much like the chestnut, and eaten whole as a snack. Roasting enhances the slightly chocolatey flavoring of the nut. To enhance the sweetness of the nut, it is often recommended to hang the nuts in a porous bag, to allow them to dry and for the starches to break down into sugars.Apr 13, 2020
What is a chinquapin tree?
The Chinquapin is a sub-species of the Chestnut family. It grows as a small tree or bush. Chinquapins are delicious eaten right out of the burr in the Fall. Chinquapins have a single nut in the burr, unlike chestnuts that have nut divisions. They are understory trees that grow in our native forests.
Where does the name chinquapin come from?
Chinquapin, or "chinkapin," is a diminutive cousin of the American chestnut. Although their name derives from eastern-dwelling Algonquian Indian language, chinquapin trees are known as far west as Texas, and several species exist.
How do you harvest Chinquapin?
It is usually ready for harvest in early September. Harvest must be prompt to gather nuts before wildlife (birds and small mammals) remove the entire crop. Chinquapins are quite susceptible to Phytophthora cinnamont root rot so it is best to grow in well drained soil.
What does a Chinquapin look like?
The chinquapin, or chinkapin, is a sister species to the American chestnut. It grows in a hard, spikey burr on a squatty tree that looks similar to the American chestnut tree. ... You can feel the soft, starfish-shaped trichomes on a chinquapin leaf with your hand. In comparison, an American chestnut's leaves are smooth.Jul 19, 2021
What does a chinkapin Bush look like?
It may be 45 metres (148 feet) tall and has lance-shaped leaves about 15 cm (6 inches) long, coated beneath with golden-yellow scales. The bush, or Sierra evergreen, chinquapin (Chrysolepis sempervirens) is a small spreading mountain shrub of western North America and was also formerly of the genus Castanopsis.
How do you identify a chinquapin oak?
Chinkapin oaks are found on dry, limestone outcrops in the wild and perform well in alkaline soils. Its glossy, coarsely-toothed leaves are yellow-green and small compared to most oaks. Young trees retain a pyramidal to oval habit with a pale gray, scaly ridged central trunk.
How do you plant a Chinquapin tree?
Select a planting location that is full sun and has well drained soil. Rocky dry poor soil that has a slope is an ideal location. However, the trees can grow in a variety of locations as long as there is good drainage for the root system and sun. The roots cannot tolerate any standing water.
How big does a Chinquapin tree get?
The chinkapin oak grows to a height of 40–50' and a spread of 50–60' at maturity.
Are chinkapin oak acorns edible?
The acorns of chinquapin oak are sweet and edible when roasted .
Is Chinquapin related to Chestnut?
Allegheny chinquapin is closely related to the American chestnut, Castanea dentata, and both trees can be found in the same habitat. ... The leaves of the Allegheny chinquapin are smaller than the American chestnut and have less distinct teeth.
What does the name chinkapin mean?
- A chestnut (Castanea pumila) of eastern North America that grows as a shrub or small tree.
- Any of several evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Fagaceae,including species in the genera Chrysolepis of western North America and Castanopsis of East and Southeast Asia.
- The edible nut of any of these plants.
What does golden chinkapin mean?
- The golden, or giant, evergreen chinquapin ( Chrysolepis chrysophylla ), is native to western North America. It may be 45 metres (148 feet) tall and has lance-shaped leaves about 15 cm (6 inches) long, coated beneath with golden-yellow scales.
What does chinkapin oak mean?
- Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), sometimes called yellow chestnut oak, rock oak, or yellow oak , grows in alkaline soils on limestone outcrops and well-drained slopes of the uplands, usually with other hardwoods. It seldom grows in size or abundance to be commercially important, but the heavy wood makes excellent fuel.